TETFund grants: Are their research solving Nigeria's problems?

Abdulsalam Mahmud FASLN, and Thecla Ayoka FASLN

The National Research Fund (NRF) is one of the special intervention areas of TETFund introduced in order to help in the realization of the objective of addressing critical need for high quality manpower to drive the nation’s economy towards attaining (the now defunct) vision 20:2020. The funds are expected to facilitate research at cutting-edge level on activities that will impact positively on the competitiveness of the country on the global scientific milieu, and build up the research capacity of Nigerian researchers to contribute to the national development efforts as well tackle global challenges. Unlike in Nigeria where we have only TETFund, there are several bodies in the United Kingdom (UK) which specialize in awarding grants and providing funds for research in specific fields.

GMOs… Still a long way to go in Nigeria

Thecla Ayoka FASLN and Abdulsalam Mahmud FASLN

The idea, concept and rationale behind the birth of genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) foods may be welcoming and visionary to some experts. But not for Nnimmo Bassey. Like in some other nations, Nigeria is where GM foods are also found in the market, though most of them are not actually produced in the country. GMOs are organisms, plants, animals and micro-organisms that have their DNAs altered using genetic engineering techniques. This, for example, can enable the particular crops or plants to develop some resistance against diseases, insects, pests, harsh weather conditions, as well as to enhance nutrition.

Research shows resistance of dangerous gut bacteria to antibiotics has increased in Osun State

Sunday Omeika PhD FASLN

One of the major global concerns is the threat of antibiotic resistance. Advocacy groups have increased warnings that there could be an impending bug war due to increased use of antibiotics- both prescribed and abused- in these auspicious times, and a research in Nigeria has further brought the situation to local consciousness. The report recently made accessible in the Journal of Infection and Public Health examined prevalence of antibiotic resistant bacteria in the stomach and intestine regions, and how these bugs respond to commonly used antibiotics in the country.

Keywords: Antibiotic resistance; Urine; Gut bacteria; Osun State; antibiotics; LAUTECH

Pharmacists require proper training for proper antimicrobial stewardship participation in Nigeria

Sunday Omeike PhD FASLN

In Nigeria, the government's National antimicrobial resistance action plan 2017-2022 incorporates antimicrobial stewardship. Still, there has been a lack of evidence that pharmacists, a critical group in proper antibiotic dispensing and advice, are properly seen as an important part of a successful plan until this recent study.

Keywords: Pharmacists, Antimicrobial stewardship, Hospital, Antibiotics

Study says crude oil-degrading bacteria found in Niger Delta community can save the polluted environment

Sunday Omeike PhD FASLN

Researchers from the University of Port Harcourt (UNIPORT), Rivers State, have reported that there are indeed bacterial species that could be potential candidates for cleanup of crude oil-degraded environments in the Niger-Delta region.

The Niger-Delta, located in the South-South geopolitical zone of Nigeria, is home to oil exploration and the resultant contamination that comes with its spillage, process and transportation errors. This has exposed the soil, water to contamination and damaged the biological systems residing in the soil, including microorganisms and plants.

Keyword: Crude oil, Hexadecane; Octane, cleanup, bioremediation, Niger Delta.

Study says stored Onions are contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms

Sunday Omeike PhD, FASLN

Due to their presence in virtually every environment known to man, microorganisms have been reported to reduce the durability of the stored onion previously. However, a recent investigation has reported that not only does onion harbor spoilage bacteria, some are pathogenic and cause infections in unsuspecting consumers.

Keywords: Onion, Flavobacterium, food spoilage, bacteria, Ile-Ife.

International Microorganism Day: When will Nigeria recognize the potentials of microbiology?

Sunday Omeike, PhD, FASLN

Today’s International Microorganism Day is celebrated by countries that understand the importance of microbes, one of nature’s smallest but important entities. Sadly, Nigeria is a bystander in the fanfare to celebrate these microscopic organisms first seen and described as animacules by Antoni van Leeuwenhoek over 300 years ago. While the giant of Africa continues to celebrate oil money at the expense of the environment, microorganisms are overlooked as inconspicuous, and perhaps, non-contributors to the financial and general well-being of Nigeria. This should not be the case, as microorganisms can play pivotal roles in several sectors.

Drug Use: One Year After, How Aware Is Bauchi About The Danger Of Using Paracetamol As Meat Tenderizer?

Charly Agwam FASLN

“But for someone to use it for cooking is unheard of. It is the toxic by-product of paracetamol that people consume when they eat food that was cooked with the drug. What even worries me more is that they are not just taking it for one or two days, it has become part of their regimen for cooking. Cooking with paracetamol requires hot temperature. Usually, whenever we are taking a test to see how a drug will be released when taken, we use very warm water. Heat breaks it down to all those byproducts that are dangerous and toxic."

Palm Oil Adulteration Booms in Major Open Markets in Nigeria

Chima Azubuike FASLN

Palm Oil an edible oil and an important ingredient in the diets of many Nigerians is a product obtained from the fleshy mesocarp of the fruit of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Palm Oil is one of the most consumed edible oils within the tropics. The oil palm, is grown commercially in Africa, South America, Southeast Asia, and the South Pacific, and on a small scale in other tropical areas. Despite being commonly used, research shows that over 90% of what is sold in the open market is adulterated, poorly stored with grave health consequences. Chima Azubuike, writes about the scourge of palm oil adulteration, findings and roles of regulatory bodies.

No, one`s ability to hold breath not a test for COVID-19 – WhatsApp video has ‘no scientific validity’

Abdullahi Tsanni

Recently, a video and message circulating on WhatsApp in Nigeria claims holding one`s breath until a red circle moves from point ‘A to B’ is a sign of ‘disease resistance’. It also claims that it is an easy test for COVID–19, the respiratory illness caused by the new coronavirus. Experts say these claims do not have any scientific validity.

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